Are you looking for flowers that will attract a wide variety of bees to your garden? Have you tried several types of flowers to no avail? Perhaps it is time to consider the effective flowers in attracting bees and rest assured you will attain the desired results.
Pruning Flowers on vegetables garden might sometimes be difficult without the best pruning shears as some of them have thorns which might cause injuries to the gardener.
Yellow, purple, and blue flowers are most appealing and can attract a wide variety of harmless flower-loving insects such as bees and ladybugs. Scroll down the following review of the best flowers to attract bees to your vegetable garden, and it will help you make the best choice.
The golden plant blooms will make bees flock in your vegetable garden. Goldenrod offers nectar to migrating bees, encouraging them to remain in your garden and pollinate crops. This flower has an added advantage since it can draw bad bugs away from valuable vegetables. They are more than 100 varieties of goldenrod that can suit different climates.
How to Grow Goldenrod
Growing these flowers is easy since they have a high survival rate and can thrive in most climates. Goldenrod is compatible with most soils as long as it is well-draining. Maintenance of the flowers is minimal once introduced in the landscape because they naturally return every year. However, it is advisable to divide clamps after every four years
Just like many wildflowers, it is easy to grow this flower from seeds. You can also use cuttings to introduce goldenrod to your garden. The best time for planting the seeds or transferring the cuttings is during the warm temperatures of spring. Goldenrods are drought resistant and require little watering. Planting goldenrods not only attracts bees to your vegetable garden but also adds beauty to your landscape.
Note: Goldenrod is believed to have many health benefits, such as reducing pain and swelling.
- Blue Borage
Recent studies have established that Blue borage, also known as starflower, is so attractive to honeybees. Blue borage grows very fast, and in a short time, they will colonize a corner of your vegetable garden by self-seeding and reappearing annually. Brilliant blue blooms have attractive qualities that will make bees flock in your garden.
Blue borage flowers replenish their nectaries regularly that are magnets to bees all summer. It was traditionally planted as vegetable and spice. Borage flowers have a long flowering period. Indeed, it is worthy of including this flower in your garden and bringing various pollinators to veggies.
How to Grow Borage
Cultivating these flowers requires a little know-how. For starters, it is important to note that you should harvest borage seeds before maturation.
Seeds should be sown in early spring to increase the survival rate.
Plant the small black seeds just beneath the soil surface, and you should have a spacing of at least one foot for the flowers to blossom well.
In the maintenance of these flowers, should regularly trim the back to keep the plants tidy and upright.
Borage plants are not only useful in attracting bees to your vegetable garden, but also their leaves are used for depression, fever, and cough
It has been certified to have other health benefits such as prevention of lung inflammation, sedative and blood purification
Check the latest price of Blue Borage seeds on amazon
- Bee Balm
The fragrant Foliage of bee balm will make bees flock in your garden. Its flowers come in purple, white, pink, and mauve. They attract a wide range of flower-loving insects and birds such as bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. They grow two to four feet tall and tend to be bushy. Bee Balm flowers bloom in mid-winter summer.
How to Grow Bee Balm
The plants can thrive anywhere, including wet bog soil. However, it best blossoms in well-drained soil. It is tolerant to shady areas but to attain the best results; the plants should be exposed to sunlight.
Sow the seeds in moist, rich soil and ensure they have access to sunlight.
It is recommendable to plant the flowers in a protected spot to benefit from a bright shot of color.
You are supposed to pick the flowers regularly to encourage flower production. Removal of spent flowers and beheading will promote a new flush of blooms.
Maintenance of Bee Balm is easy as longer the area around the plant is moist. You can also add multi-purpose fertilizer and work on the soil around the plant to ensure good aeration.
If you intend to have, bushier plants pinch off the stem tips as new growth appears.
- Black-Eyed Susan
This flower shares a close resemblance to sunflowers and honeybee favorites. Bright yellow-brown centered flowers will make your garden a haven for bees and cheerful addition to your landscape.
The plants grow to over three feet tall and have medium-sized flowers. Bees, butterflies, and a wide variety of flower insects are attracted to the flower for nectar. Black-Eyed Susan tends to bloom from June to October.
It is worthy to note that these flowers are territorial, and they can squash out any flowers growing nearby.
Planting Black-Eyed Susan
Sow black–eyed seeds when the soil temperature has reached 70°F since it has been established high temperatures are the most suited for germination. Usually, germination takes seven to thirty days.
Sow the seeds just beneath the soil surface to increase the germination rate
The plants do well in moist, well-drained soil. The plants can tolerate tough conditions, but fertile soil is the best for them to flower.
These hearty flowers require exposure to sunlight to bloom well. Although they can still thrive in partial sunlight, they prefer full sun.
The plants generally grow between 1 and 3 feet tall, although they can grow taller with favorable climates.
Black-eyed Susan spreads between 12 to 18 inches, so you need a closer spacing while plating to avoid lots of spreading or plants being further apart to make a beautiful border.
- Butterfly Bush
Butterfly bush, as the name connotes, attracts butterflies and other insects. It’s large, chock full of nectar, and bees will stream in your vegetable within a short period. The shrubs require little maintenance and blossom in late summer and early fall. Fragrant blooms will beautify your garden
The flower has a variety of colors, although lavender pink is the most appealing to bees. Maintenance only includes beheading and regular pruning to encourage flowering and a compact shape. It is important to note that the name ‘butterfly’ does not connote that it is the butterfly’s host plant. It does support the butterfly reproduction cycle, and therefore, caterpillars will destroy your veggies. The plant only offers nectar to mature butterflies.
Planting Butterfly Bush
The plant requires full exposure to sunlight and fertile, well-drained soil.
Spring is the most suited time for planting or falls before frost. Confirm your local frost dates before planting the flowers.
Just like planting other plants, it requires loosening the soil, mixing the compost, and digging a hole twice the diameter of the plant container
In the plant placement in the hole, ensure the top of the rootball is level with the soil surface.
The spacing should be 5 to 10 feet apart, and this depends on the different varieties of butterfly bush
The plants require regular watering
- California Poppies
It is a native wildflower, but its cup-shaped flowers will make a variety of bees stream to your vegetable garden. Comes in four colors orange, pink, yellow or white. California poppies bloom in spring.
California poppies come in several varieties that are worth noting;
California golden has a unique bright orange color of flowers that would be a cheerful addition to your landscape
Mission Bells is a mixture of hues inclusive of cream, pink, and salmon and blooms with additional petals
Golden West is a blend of familiar orange bloom and a distinguishing feature of a darker inside
How to Grow California Poppies
The best time to sow poppy seeds is after the threat of frost has passed.
Place the seeds lightly just beneath the soil surface and water gently so as not to dislodge the seeds.
The seeds should germinate within two weeks. A bluish tint of poppy foliage characterizes the seedlings.
Similar to most wildflowers, it is easy to maintain California poppies. All you need is to provide them with growing conditions similar to their native habitat.
Deadheading encourages the growth of extra flowers. However, if you want your flowers to self-seed, leave a few flower heads to drop their seeds.
The plants grow and bloom well in full exposure to sunlight. California poppies hardly thrive in shady places since diseases easily squash them.
Although they can still thrive in poor soil, the most preferred soil is rich loamy soil.
They require very little watering because they belong to drought-resistant xeriscapes.
- Chive Flowers
The plants have unique pom-pom-shaped flowers that pop up in the early months of early spring. Chive flowers are fast growers and cheerful addition to your vegetable garden. Plus, they are an amazing companion plant that helps keep away pests that might destroy your vegies.
Chives are cold-persistent, and the best time for planting in early spring. You should be careful with these flowers as they can take over your vegetable garden if allowed to develop fully and scatter seeds.
They are two varieties of chives that you can grow in your garden.
Common chives; comes with clumps of small, slender bulbs that develop to thin tubular green leaves reaching 10-15 inches in height.
Garlic Chives; also known as Chinese chives they resemble common chives, but their leaves are flatter, greener, and reach about 20 inches in height.
- Planting Chives
The plants require moist, fertile, and well-draining soil. To attain good results, you should incorporate 4 to 6 inches of well-composted organic matter
Spacing of the seeds should be 2 inches and place them just beneath the soil surface (not more than ¼ inches)
Fully-grown plants require minimal care
Regular watering is required throughout the growing season for them to bloom well, although chives are drought tolerant. Moisten the soil around the plants thoroughly when watering.
It is recommended to use a mulch to conserve moisture and keep the weeds down because the Chive’s small bulbs grow near the soil surface.
Top-dress with a nitrogen-heavy fertilizer in late spring or early summer if the soil is not rich to achieve the best results.
You have to prune the flowers after their bloom so that the seeds are not spread throughout your garden that might squash your vegies.
After every 3 to 4 years in the spring, you are required to divide the plants. The plants will be more productive if divided regularly.
You only have to divide them into clumps of at least ten small bulbs and then allow the divided plants to grow without intervention for several weeks before harvesting.
- Abelia (Bee Bush)
These unique white flowers are dominant from spring throughout to fall and very attractive to bumblebees and honeybees. Abelia is an ornamental shrub that will be a cheerful addition to your vegetable garden. Fragrant tubular flowers bloom for months that will make your garden flock with hummingbirds and bees. Most varieties of Abelia have leaves that change color as the season progresses.
Abelia has oval, pointed leaves up that grow up to two inches long that emerge on graceful, arching branches. The Foliage is glossy yellow or green, with hints of orange, rose, burgundy, or bronze. However, they are some varieties that are variegated or multi-colored.
Abelia flowers blossom with tubular flowers with four or five petals that emerge in clusters on the stem’s tip. The small fragrant flowers come in shades of yellow, white, and pink. Other distinguishing features include colored stems and sepals, exfoliating bark, and fall color.
Planting Abelia Flowers
The best time to plant is during milder months of spring or fall to avoid the damaging effects of heat or cold.
Choose an area that will be well exposed to sunlight with fertile and well-drained soil that can maintain moisture for a long time.
Loosen the soil in the marked planting area and incorporate compost to acquire the best results.
The spacing of these flowers depends on the variety.
Remove Abelia flowers from containers, and you should gently tease out roots or slice the root ball if it is container bound to avoid deformation during growth.
The hole should be slightly deeper than the root ball and twice as wide.
Carefully place the plants in the hole so the top of the root ball is slightly above the soil surface. Fill the hole and ensure the soil around the plant is moist.
Care and Maintenance of Abelia Flowers
Abelia is tolerant to various climates and requires less maintenance.
Abelia performs well, allowed to grow naturally without pruning or beheading. However, you can remove the deadwood and damaged branches to encourage new germinations
The plants blossom well in slightly acidic soil and should be kept moderately moist and well-drained.
Most crocus varieties require full exposure to sunlight for them to blossom properly. They can be grown independently or mixed with the vegies but require plenty of grift on excellent drainage.
Planting and Growing Crocus
The best soil for planting crocus is well-drained or gritty and free-draining soil or compost to achieve the best results.
Varieties such as Saffron crocus and other varieties that flower in autumn require to be planted quite deep –at least 10cm in well-drained, rich soil and fully exposed to sunlight and a spacing of at least 7.5cm apart.
You should also ensure that you plant crocus corms with pointed tips facing up, and the flattened end should be facing the bottom of the planting hole.
In case you have crocuses that have naturalized in your vegetable garden, do not trim the lawn until the flowers have matured enough and fall off and the leaves have yellowed and disappeared.
Crocus varieties that flower in spring come into flower after the sun warms up the soil. But for crocuses flowering in autumn only respond to decreasing soil temperatures. This means that in milder autumns, the plants might not flower to the fullest if the nights are not cool enough
Things to Note For Crocus Flowers
Crocuses vigorously multiply once introduced in your vegetable garden and create their own colonies. If you intend to propagate your crocuses, dig up large clumps in autumn and divide them into small portions, or clean off individual corms and pot up.
If you’re looking for showy summer flowering, then Lupine is the best option. The tall lush spires of unique colored flowers will make your garden a haven for bees. Lupines are also widely known for their ability to flourish in a challenging environment. Plus, it is easy to grow and its seeds self-so that it makes up for the short lifespan
Lupine flowers resemble pea blossoms but are tightly packed on conical that stand tall above the permeate foliage. Lupines display more than one color in a single plant since the blossoms open from the bottom up.
There various varieties of Lupines;
- Lupine hybrids- most ornamental for garden lupines and come in fuller flower spikes and several color options
- Native Lupines- their unique wildflower lupines and blossom well in gardens as well
The planting should have full exposure to sunlight for the plants to grow well. Partial shades usually compromise the growth of Lupines
Soil should be loose sandy because it doesn’t impede the growth of their deep tap roots
After loosening the soil, incorporate compost if you want to achieve full flowering of the plants.
If you are using seeds to plant Lupine, you should plant during late fall or early winter for the flowers to bloom the following spring.
The seeds are coved by tough lining that needs to be softened before sowing. One of the best ways to soften it by soaking the seeds in warm water for few hours.
Place the seeds just beneath the soil surface at least ¼ inch deep under loosened soil and maintain the moisture for them to germinate.
The germination usually takes 15 to 25 days after the planting.
Maintenance of Lupine
In the early stages of planting, the soil should be kept evenly moist for the plants to develop their roots properly.
Lupines can tolerate dry conditions, but you should try keeping the areas around the plant moist by mulching.
Deadheading and pruning the plants will encourage new a second flush of blooms
Marigolds are beneficial to plant around food-producing plants since they keep away some pests that might damage your vegies. The bright orange, yellow, orange, and red blooms will flock honey bees in your vegetable garden
Marigold seeds germinate so fast, and within eight weeks, their unique blooms will be a cheerful addition to your garden. Marigolds have been proven to be great companions to vegetable gardens by protecting the essential crops from predators and pests.
The best time for planting marigolds in early spring after the threat of frost has passed.
Ensure the area has maximum exposure to sunlight to blossom properly. However, extreme heat can damage the plants.
Spacing should be one inch apart, and regular watering is required after planting.
It is recommended that after the seeds sprout they should be thinned to achieve the best results.
Pruning and deadheading will improve the shape and appearance of the crops. Plus, pruning encourages blooming late in the season.
If you want bushier growth, you should pinch off the tip of the plant and the next node that appears afterward.
Marigolds do well in most soils, but moderately fertile, well-drained soil is the most preferred. Regular watering will ensure the plants blossom at their best.
The above are some of the best flowers to attract bees to a vegetable garden. You can obtain and plant some to ensure your garden has a continuous flow of bees. These will be very useful in the pollination of your vegetables such cucumber, squash, zucchini, quince, and guar bean among others.
When weeding a flower garden it is recommended one to have best gloves for pulling weeds as sometimes the pesky plants become hard to remove with bare hands and can cause injuries in hands.