Table of Contents
- 1 Vegetable Garden Tips for Beginners
- 2 1. Choose the Right Location
- 3 2. Have the Right Gardening Tools
- 4 3. Choose the Right Vegetables for Your Garden
- 5 4. Grow Crops at the Right Time
- 6 5. Choose a Strategic Position for Your Garden
- 7 6. Choose The Correct Spacing for Your Plants
- 8 7. Observe Proper Garden Watering
- 9 8. Proper Mulching
- 10 9. Check on How You Can Control Weeds
- 11 10. Consider Companion Plants
- 12 11. Keep a Journal of your Garden Journey
- 13 12. You Can Start From Seed
- 14 13. Buy Healthy Plants
- 15 14. Understand How Fertilizer Works
- 16 15. Plan Ahead for the Harvest
- 17 Parting Shot
Vegetable Garden Tips for Beginners
There is nothing better than having fresh vegetables from your own garden. Ever thought of the happy feeling of consuming fresh vegetables you have grown from your garden? Most people just like you would like to grow vegetables from their own garden but don’t know how to start or how to go about it. The idea of hiring someone to do something that you could do yourself just by getting a few tips is not right.
Growing vegetables in containers has become a necessity thus we see the need to give vegetable garden tips for beginners. It is everyone’s desire to eat fresh vegetables that they can easily grow in containers. In some cases we find ourselves living in urban setup. Choosing the right kind of soil is not easy that why we recommend the best kind of soil to use for container vegetable gardening
Unless you get the right tips on how to do this, you are never going to enjoy vegetables from your own garden. What if I told you that you can now do this like a professional? What if I told you that by following the tips that I am about to share you would end up with the kind of vegetable garden that you have always had in mind? It’s very simple, just follow the tips I’m about to share and you will be on your way to your dream garden.
For most gardeners, there is no exciting time like when they finally get the chance to start their own garden. But along with all the excitement, comes several questions that may leave some gardeners even more confused. Questions like when to plant a vegetable garden and what kind of vegetables can they grow in their garden? There is a lot of planning that goes into vegetable gardening and without a planting calendar, your garden can suffer from poor planning
1. Choose the Right Location
One of the best vegetable garden tips for beginners is choosing the location for your garden comes at the top of the list. This is because by choosing the wrong location for your garden you will end up in getting results that are disappointing.
A Good Location Should Have the Following
Easy access to sunlight
Most vegetables need at least 6 hours each day of direct sunlight. An area that is away from trees or anything that could cover the vegetables from direct sunlight would be best.
By soil being rich, we are looking at the nutrition value of your soil. Plants feed on the soil. This means that you want to make sure that the soil is reach in nutrients for the plants to feed properly. You may mix the soil with some organic matter to make sure your plants are getting the right nutrients from the soil.
Proper drainage is so important in the location you choose. Grounds that hold water for a very long time can affect your vegetables and even cause them to rot. On the other hand ground that loses water very fast is not good.
Planting in containers
If you don’t have enough space for a garden, this should not prevent you from enjoying your home grown vegetables. You can also plant them in containers. You could either buy containers or make use of the old containers you have around that are no longer being used. Whether in a garden or in containers, always make sure to follow the points we discussed above.
You will want to remove the rocks in your ground of choice because they will interfere with the growth of the roots.
You don’t have to worry if your ground does not look good based on the points we have discussed. Just a little work and effort can transform a bad ground into the best garden for your vegetables.
2. Have the Right Gardening Tools
This is a great vegetable garden tip for beginners since it is very important to have the right equipment for your gardening. You might not need fancy tools for your vegetable garden but basic garden tools will surely help you. Now that you are just starting, just make sure to have the following basic gardening tools:
For a beginner, make sure to have some long-handled tools. These could be tools like:
Some other tools that can be used to work in small places and may be used for daily maintenance are:
Other important gardening tools you might need include:
3. Choose the Right Vegetables for Your Garden
When choosing the right vegetable to plant, you need to understand some factors to help you make the right decision. They are like:
- Which vegetables do well in your area.
- How long they take before you harvest.
- Whether they do well in cold or hot climates.
- Be ready to take care of the plants from when you plant till harvesting.
- Be realistic about the amount of vegetables you and your family can consume. Don’t plant too much that some ends up going to waste after harvesting.
- Make sure that whatever you choose to plant is something that you and your family like.
- Always get high quality seeds so that you don’t do so much work on your garden only to get frustrated at the end.
4. Grow Crops at the Right Time
Another vegetable garden tips for beginners is understanding which vegetables do well in hot and cold weather will help you plan your garden in such a way that you will always have something on your garden and something to harvest at all seasons.
There are two different groups of vegetables. Those that do well in cool season, and those that do well in warm season.
Warm-season crops need high temperatures to grow and produce fruit. They can’t do well in frost. They include beans, cucumbers, peppers, tomatoes, squash, and zucchini.
Cool-season crops do well in the cooler part of the season in early spring and fall. They include beets, carrots, kale, lettuce, radishes, spinach, chard, onions, peas, and potatoes
By having that knowledge you will easily make the right decision on which vegetables are best for your garden.
As a beginner, I would recommend starting with easy and simple vegetables. As time goes and as you get used to gardening, you may try some other more complex vegetables and see how they work for you. Below is a list of easy to grow vegetables I would recommend for a beginner:
5. Choose a Strategic Position for Your Garden
Where you live is probably where you spend most of your time. Having your garden close to where you live is a good idea. The reason is that you will want to attend to your crops more frequently. Crops that are attended to and taken care of more frequently tend to do so well and will have more produce. Having the garden around your home makes it easy to attend to them at any time and conveniently.
6. Choose The Correct Spacing for Your Plants
Having limited space in your vegetable garden might make you want to overcrowd your plants. This will lead to doing a lot of work and end up getting very low harvests. When you are sawing seeds or transplanting your seedlings, make sure that you have enough space from one plant to the other. Plants need enough space for them to grow in the right way. Plants that are congested in one area luck space to expand.
They also compete for moisture and nutrients. I recommend following the spacing instruction given on the seed package of the crop you are planting since they could be different. 10 to 12 inches between the rows should be left for foot traffic. If you prefer to use raised beds, they should be 3-4 feet wide. Also, have at least 1-foot space from one bed to the other for walking. In case you have grass in between, have enough space for a lawn mower.
7. Observe Proper Garden Watering
Every vegetable garden needs water. The amount of water needed will depend on the type of crop in the garden. The plants need just enough amount of water. It should not be too much of too little. Crops use water for important functions like absorbing and transporting nutrients. The main source of water you should rely on is water from the rain. However, you need supplemental water to keep your crops watered when the rain fails.
Watering early in the morning or late in the evening is more beneficial to your plants since at that time the environment and ground are cooler. This helps reduce water lost due to evaporation. New transplants and seedlings need to be watered frequently since they have shallow roots.
8. Proper Mulching
Mulching is also important. Spreading of mulch will help you retain moisture in the soil and also fight weeds in your garden.
A generous layer of mulch on the soil surface is most important to conserving soil moisture. Apply a 3-inch layer of organic mulch around the plants once they are 6-8 inches. Make sure you keep it from touching the base of the plant. Use tree bark, leaves, shredded newspaper, or even compost as mulch for your crops.
When growing plants in containers use a 2-inch layer of mulch to help retain moisture. Soil in containers heats up faster in direct sun. A layer of organic mulch will help container-grown plants remain hydrated and cooler throughout the summer growing season.
You should also avoid watering the plants too much. The roots also need oxygen in order to breathe and function. Soggy, waterlogged soil will fill air pockets with water and prevent the plant from absorbing nutrients.
9. Check on How You Can Control Weeds
Weeds on your vegetable garden compete for nutrients, space, and moisture with your plants. A garden with weeds will result in poor plants that are undernourished, overcrowded, easy to get fungal disease due to reduced airflow, and will end up dying or producing smaller harvests.
Never leave bare spots. It will only take a very short time for weeds to invade your garden and take over. Ensure that all parts of your garden are either planted or mulched.
10. Consider Companion Plants
Companion planting is a good idea you may want a plan for, especially since you should have a limited amount of plants to mix and match with and it will be an easy way to introduce yourself to this idea. Companion plants are plants that help add flavor, or complement each other when planted together. This idea helps to utilize your space, and in some cases, certain plants help prevent pests that attack a specific vegetable. A good example is onions. Onions deter most destructive flying insects.
11. Keep a Journal of your Garden Journey
Taking notes about your garden in a journal is a good ways to grow as a gardener. You need to keep track of how certain crops do in your garden. Make notes of the strategies that worked and those that didn’t. Your journal can just be a simple notebook.
12. You Can Start From Seed
If the idea of seed starting indoors seems daunting to you, why not just start your seeds directly in the garden? There are many varieties of vegetables that are easy to grow from seed.
Squash, watermelon, cucumbers, and beans are all very simple to grow from seed. In fact, it’s so simple that even your kids can grow some of these plants all by themselves.
Watch the weather and choose to plant on a day right before it’s set to rain for a few days. In a few days when the rain passes, go out in your garden and look for sprouts!
13. Buy Healthy Plants
When you’re at the nursery, take note of the health of the plants.
The leaves should be a healthy green color, not yellow
There should be no holes or pests on the leaves (look on the underside of leaves for eggs, too)
Avoid vegetable plants with flowers or fruit on small plants, these can indicate that the plant is stressed
14. Understand How Fertilizer Works
Sometimes I hear vegetable gardeners talk about growing great big plants but not getting a lot of fruit. If this has happened to you, then you may be using the wrong kind of fertilizer.
Products like Miracle-gro are formulated to produce large plants, but the high nitrogen content can lead to low fruit production and blossom end rot.
15. Plan Ahead for the Harvest
When you’re just starting out it’s really exciting to see all your plants growing, but when the fruit starts to ripen, you might feel overwhelmed with trying to use up all your bounty.
Read up on how to preserve all the fruits of your labor, and make sure you have all your canning supplies ahead of time
Gardening can be a rewarding and healthy hobby for those of all ages. If you’re looking to begin your own vegetable garden, here are some tips to get started on the right foot. The first thing you’ll need is an appropriate location that gets plenty of sunlight with rich soil good drainage – this will help ensure success from the very beginning. Next, take into account how much time you have available to devote to gardening every week and choose crops accordingly – if it’s going to be difficult for you to find even one day per week, try starting small by planting leafy greens like lettuce or baby spinach instead of tomatoes that require more attention (and water). Finally, don’t forget any necessary tools! You might not think about hand