Vertical gardening means all the forms of vegetated wall surfaces. Vertical gardens are also called green walls. The vertical gardens provide food, a spectacular beauty, and also add aesthetic value.
They also help in vitalizing the atmosphere. They help in absorbing heated gas in the atmosphere, reduce indoor and outdoor temperatures and provide healthy indoor air quality and improve the beauty of the space.
The vegetable species that grow in the vertical garden are mostly the herbaceous type. Other species are naturally adapted to climbing obstacles like rocks, trees, and shrubs. Support structures are required for the vertical garden plants to grow on walls and buildings.
Green walls can be constructed in different systems which are the green facade system and the living wall system. The green facades can include climbing plants that grow directly on the wall or a designed structure. The plant shoot system can grow up the building with its roots on the ground.
The living wall has modular panels that comprise the polypropylene plastic container, irrigation system, a growing medium, geotextiles, and the growing vegetation.
Vertical Vegetable Gardening Ideas
There are emerging trends in vertical gardening that are becoming widespread with people becoming more creative. With this, many vertical ideas exist, and these include;
- Framing a patio space with a beautiful hanging garden
Use an arrangement of spring bloom in shades of purple and white. The redwood boxes create a vertical garden with clean fresh lines. In this idea, you stagger the height of every box and attach them to a fence preferably wooden. This creates a scene that brings strong visual impact and pleasing simplicity.
Hanging Vegetable Garden
- Creating an Airy Garden Scene with a Chicken Wire
The chicken wire is attached to strong supports and clay pots are then attached with metal hooks. The plants are then put on each garden pot.
- Create a Living Wall of Leaves
With this, leafy varieties are planted in close proximity and these dresses up a space and gives it a nice scene. This results to a green waterfall of different leaves.
Neutral blocks are placed at the base of the design and enclosed with moss garden having stones and small plants. Subtle shades of color from the leaves contribute to the design. They are mostly used in courtyards.
- Use of Old items
Old items like chicken nesting boxes can be used to make vertical gardens. The old chicken nesting boxes give a warm look. The nook gives bright inflorescence and a nice greenery giving a feel of nature.
Using old items for making vertical walls helps conserving the environment by recycling the items. Old cans also serve better.
Outdoor Vertical Vegetable Garden Ideas
An outdoor vertical vegetable garden is a garden grown outside the house upward using shelves, trellis and other support system and not on the ground.
The outdoor vertical vegetable garden helps in maximizing space by growing upwards rather than outwards. The examples of outdoor vertical gardens are the tower pocket planter, living walls and hanging baskets.
Vertical Pallet Vegetable Garden
A vertical pallet vegetable garden is a technique of growing vegetables which is environmentally friendly and time saving. They reduce the time used in weeding and helps in quick plant identification.
The vertical pallets have instant rows made by the pallet slats that do not allow the growth of weeds and are good for writing plant names. The steps of building a vertical pallet vegetable garden include; finding the pallets, removing the slats and the landscape fabric, adding potting soil and choosing the plants and planting them in the pallets.
The best vegetables and herbs to plant on the vertical pallet vegetable are the salad greens, baby kale, dwarf peas, bush beans, parsley, thyme, edible flowers and rosemary because they are compact plants. One should always choose pellets made of untreated wood and those that are heat treated. Always inspect the pallet for splintered wood or nails.
Vertical Vegetable Garden Plans
When planning for a vegetable garden think of a space with plenty of light. Make sure the garden gets between six to eight hours per day. You should also consider the weight of the garden. The vertical garden should sustain the weight the content of the container.
Vertical Garden Plans
- Container Garden Plan
Use of container gardens to plant herbs and potted plants is the new trend in vertical gardens. The containers are just like the horizontal container gardens only those holes are drilled on the side of their containers and fastened to walls, fences and to other structures that can bear the weight. Lightweight containers are repurposed because of the weight e.g., paint cans, wooden boxes and plastic soda bottles.
- Hanging Basket Display Plan
Hanging baskets are recommended for planting heavier vegetables or plants. Hanging baskets are sturdy and lovely. They are hanged at different heights to create a colorful appearance. Hanging baskets endure more weight and can be used to plant berries, lettuces and tomatoes. Vertical gardens can be drilled into a beam or can decide to purchase hanging baskets stands. One can also build a hanging basket frame for the vertical vegetable garden or buy new iron wall hooks. The hanging baskets must have enough drainage holes and enough light.
- Grow Bag plan
This plan is suitable for planting vegetables and herbs because of their good drainage system.
They retain water and release moisture slowly and effectively. This robust irrigation system helps in reducing water stagnation and reduces the need of drilling drain holes. The grow bags can be locally made or purchased. The weight and sunlight are considered in the success of the grow bags.
- Rising Planter Vertical Vegetable Garden Plan
It is built by cutting two stringers and a riser. Use either boxes a set of stairs to build and place the container on the top. With the rising stair planter, the plan should be very concrete. The stair planter can either lean on the wall or on the fence or supporting itself. With the structure, you can plant climbing vegetables, tomatoes and beans. Always plant at the bottom or on the side.
Steps of Building a Vertical Vegetable Garden
The following are the steps to build vertical vegetable garden
- Choosing an appropriate location
Select a location that receives ample morning sunshine and some afternoon shade. The majority of vegetables, particularly fruiting varieties, thrive with six to eight hours of direct sunlight. Partial shade is acceptable for leafy and root crops.
Avoid planting gardens under or near trees or big shrubs—their roots will deprive veggies of fertility and water. Vegetables should not be planted in the small shaded area between homes and walls. The ideal soil is loose, rich, flat, and well-drained.
- Planning the garden layout
Planning can assist in avoiding issues and ensuring that your garden complements your environment. It’s advisable to, draw a layout of the desired vegetable growing area. Make a note of the area’s size and the placement of containers. This is the start of a gardening diary or notebook. Besides gardening diary can assist in making future garden choices.
- Properly preparing and care for the soil
Plants need nutrients and water from the soil. When resources are few of the soil is compact or hard and crusty when dry and water-soaked and sticky when wet, plants cannot grow and develop normally. To maintain and enhance soil conditions, include organic compounds and fertilizers beforehand to sowing, and cultivate and prepare the soil while it is dry or slightly damp.
- Mulch and cultivate to keep weeds at bay
Invasive species fight for water, nutrition, and light with plants. Weeds are often hosting insects and illnesses. Mulching and cultivation are two critical methods for controlling weeds in and around your garden.
When weeds are controlled early on, time and effort may be saved. Little invasive species are simpler to manage than those that are big. Allowing weeds to develop to their full potential may result in many migraines and backaches, as well as stymie seed germination.
Vertical Garden Vegetables List
A vertical garden is one that grows straight up vertical sometimes with the support of the trellis. The vegetables recommended for the vertical garden are climbing and vining vegetables. They are suitable for gardeners with small space and those who grow vegetables in pots.
Vegetables that Can Be Grown on Vertical Gardens
- Tomatoes–The young tomato plant pushes the garden stake into the soil next to it when it sprouts. The tomato vines tie the tomato to the stake with garden ties.
- Peas and Beans–They grow by tie their vines to the pole. When growing the beans, they should be next to a trellis which they’ll easily follow.
- Cucumber–Cucumber also vine and the grow up a trellis.
- Squashes and Melons—They are vining plants and grow up a vertical trellis. Always plant squashes variety that produce small fruits. Heavy fruits will bring down the trellis.
Vertical Vegetable Garden Bunnings
These are raised garden beds. They help in brightening up and refreshing walls and fences. The best plants for the vegetable garden Bunnings are shade plants, succulent and edible plants. When planting the vertical vegetable gardens always make sure there is adequate sunshine and get plenty nutrients.
As you have seen, vertical vegetable gardens are basically vegetated wall surfaces which are mostly upright. It usually involves planting vegetables on surfaces that are standing thus enabling one to grow more plants in a small area.