When to plant a vegetable garden

When to Plant a Vegetable Garden


For most gardeners, there is no exciting time like when they finally get the chance to start their own garden. But along with all the excitement, comes several questions that may leave some gardeners even more confused.

Having the best vegetable garden requires one to have top-quality soil. This can only be achieved by good soil preparation. You can grow vegetables either in the garden, pots, or raised garden beds.

Questions like when to plant a vegetable garden and what kind of vegetables can they grow in their garden? Bigger than most questions are the question of a planting calendar, do you really need one?

The truth is that every gardener should have some form of a planting calendar that will help them make the best choices all year round as they plant, weed, and harvest their vegetables.

There is a lot of planning that goes into vegetable gardening and without a planting calendar, your garden can suffer from poor planning.

Growing vegetables has become a necessity. It is everyone’s desire to eat fresh vegetables that they can easily grow. Choosing the right kind of soil for vegetables is not easy that why we recommend the best kind of soil to use for container vegetable gardening

Why Every Gardener Needs a Planting Calendar When

When you think of a planting calendar, you might think about what to plant for your summer garden or vegetable garden and when to plant a vegetable garden. When it comes to gardening and planning ahead, there are many things that you can plan for as a gardener.

From cold frames and mulch to soil amendments and harvesting tools. Every component in your growing system needs some amount of forethought put into deciding what’s the best move for your garden

A planting calendar comes with a range of benefits such as:

  1. When you plan out your growing cycle through a calendar, it gives you the power to make some important decisions for your garden.
  2. It helps you decide the vegetables you will be planting and when is the best time to plant them.
  3. It helps you know whether during that time of the year is better to plant your vegetables indoors or outdoors.
  4. It helps you answer some of the basic questions such as what to plant when to plant, where to plant, and so forth.
  5. You get to know what should be done to your vegetables and when it should be done includinmg harvesting.
  6. Planting and harvesting schedules will help you plan out your gardening and provide you with options to grow a variety of vegetables.

As a result, you need not fret about what vegetables to plant and when to plant them.

You might as well be planting the wrong vegetable when it could have been something that is easy, low maintenance, and worth adding to your plate for the summer season.

When you start planning and preparing your vegetable garden then things can allow room for your imagination because there are so many ideas!

The vegetable plants are left with good care at all times meaning that they flourish in spring, grow throughout summer, mature during autumn, and survive through winter until the next season begins.

When to Plant a Vegetable Garden: Planting Calendar

Now for your complete guide on when to plant a vegetable garden, we will be taking a look at the different vegetables that you will be able to plant in your garden and the best times to plant them.

This will be a full planting calendar that can help you make all your decisions regarding when to plant vegetables garden.

The first thing that we should take into account is that not all vegetable plants can be planted at the same time due to their growing periods. In order for them to grow well, everything needs to be timed right from the planting date until harvesting depending on how long it takes for each plant to mature.

Planting Calendar

To know when to plant vegetables you should take into consideration the time you plan to harvest them. This planting calendar is going to take into consideration the four seasons i.e. summer, spring, autumn, and winter, and some veggies that we will focus on.

1. Summer

In the summertime, temperatures are usually high and the heat can be harsh. Some plants will react to this by growing fast and then becoming mature faster than usual. When you are planting during summertime, you should grow vegetables that take less time to mature.

These should be veggies that should not take long to mature. They include veggies like cucumbers, lettuces, squash, tomatoes, peppers, greens, berries, sorrels, and others that don’t take long to mature.

When planting in the summertime, a good idea is to water your garden every day so there will be enough moisture for the plants not only when they’re young but also when they become mature.

2. Spring

Being a transition season between winter and summer, spring has cooler weather with warm days and cold nights which makes it a perfect time of year to plant most of your vegetables.

This is because the spring vegetables are usually cool-season plants and they’re not very particular about the temperatures. When planting your veggies in spring, make sure you water them for two weeks after you’ve planted them so that the seeds have enough time to sprout.

Some of the veggies that really do well during this season are carrots, beets, cucumbers, tomatoes, beans, broccoli, honeydews, peppers, garlic, onions, potatoes, and raspberries.

3. Winter

If winter is an option for where you live, it’s also a good choice as it has cold weather with warm days which makes it perfect for growing vegetables when temperature-wise.

This is what vegetable gardening should be like all year round if possible in your area. When planting in the wintertime, plan your vegetable garden so that its maturity will coincide with the coming of spring.

This way, if there are any pests or diseases that attack your plants when they’re young, you usually won’t have to deal with them because the plants are big enough to survive these threats.

In winter, you can plant spinach, potatoes, peas, lettuce, radishes, chard, rhubarb, garlic, onions, leeks, kales, and similar leafy greens.

When planning a winter vegetable garden, plant quick maturing vegetables like cabbages, radishes, and spinach in early spring, so you will be able to harvest them in the summertime.

4. Autumn

During autumn, the weather is usually nice and fresh, which makes it the perfect time to plant heat-loving vegetables like tomatoes. When planting in autumn, you must pay attention to your region’s last frost date so that you don’t lose anything.

When preparing a garden spot for your tomatoes, make sure you use a fork or digging stick to penetrate the soil down at least two feet deep, as this will help dissipate the freezing temperatures during colder months.

As you may have guessed, there are some vegetables that can still do great in the autumn. Such vegetables are cabbages, broccoli, cress, carrots, beetroot, cauliflowers, Asian greens, Chinese cabbage, turnips, spinach, onions, lettuce, and radish.

Planting during autumn should be done before the cold sets in. This gives the plants a fighting chance against the cold while paying attention to the growth period of the plant you choose to plant.

How to Choose the Best Vegetables to Start with?

As a beginner in gardening, there are some vegetables that may prove troublesome to you leaving you unsure of what vegetables to plant and when. It’s vital that you get to understand the best vegetables that you can start with bearing in mind a number of factors.

The best vegetables you can start with are those that aren’t fussy about the growing conditions. When starting out, you want something that will not require too much of your time and effort.

Another way to determine which vegetable is for you is by considering the space that you have available as well as how long it takes for a vegetable to grow from planting until harvesting.

When learning what vegetable gardeners in your location prefer or what the weather allows, consider adopting them into your own gardening experience. Don’t be afraid to interact with other people who do home gardening especially if they’re more experienced than you.

Finding out what vegetable to plant and when will help tremendously when beginning your first vegetable garden.

The Best Vegetables to Start With

You now know how to choose the best vegetables that you can start your garden with. Right now we will provide you with ten different vegetables that are great for starting out your garden. They include:

  1. Potatoes- you can plant them between late February and early March and the harvesting will be around July to September and they require minimal monitoring.
  2. Peas- you can plant them between March and June and harvest them after two months. What’s great about them is that they can produce a lot of harvests.
  3. Broad Beans- the best time to sow them is between November and March and you can harvest them from June onwards. They are great, much better than the ones you get at your local supermarket.
  4. Radishes- they can be planted at any given time but preferably, plant them after the effects of winter are over. They only take a month before they are ready.
  5. Tomatoes- plant them at any time between February and April and you can harvest them between July and October. They should be grown when the rain has started so that by the time the rains stop the fruits are coming out. Remember that tomatoes don’t like being hit by direct water.
  6. Spring Onions- you can grow them between March and July and you can harvest them after two months. You don’t need a big garden to grow them since they can grow perfectly still in pots.
  7. Runner Beans- these are climbers that will only need support and they will do the rest by themselves. You can plant them between April and July and they will be ready for harvest in just two months.
  8. Onions and garlic- onions can be planted during most seasons but the same doesn’t apply to garlic. You can plant the two during spring and you will have to wait till late autumn before you can harvest them.
  9. Lettuce- this is among the few vegetables that can be grown at any time of the year, including winter and it will still give a good harvest. You can harvest the lettuce for as long as it allows you to.
  10. Kale-kales are other gr5eat vegetables known for their nutritiousness and can survive in a wide range of temperatures as long as they get enough water. You can therefore plant them whenever you can and harvest for as long as you can, just make sure they get pruned correctly.\

How to Choose the Best Location for Your Vegetable Garden?

Since vegetables require a great deal of care, it is important to select the best location for them. When selecting a location, consider the following factors:

a) Light – all vegetables need sunlight and a good amount of it for them to grow well so make sure they are placed in an area that gets direct light at least for three to four hours every day. This will ensure proper growth.

b) Soil quality- When determining the best location for your vegetable garden, make sure it has fertile soil or compost that will ensure the plants get everything they need from the soil. You can add nutrients to the soil by adding fertilizers or organic compost. When planting, you want the vegetable garden to be placed in a place where rainwater drains well and is not prone to flooding.

c) Watering – When it comes to water, most vegetables require at least 1.5 inches of water each week and some need even more than that. When you are determining the best location for your vegetable garden, make sure there is adequate drainage so that excess water does not flood or cause weeds and other problems.

Are You Ready to Start Your First Garden?

Starting your first garden with a clear picture of what you planting, when to plant a vegetable garden, and understanding when you expect to harvest them is the way to start being a gardener.

When and When Not to plant a vegetable garden is important if you want your crops to grow well, yield good produce and the harvest time frame is what matters. Yes, it’s true that some veggies can be planted in early spring and others can be planted later on.

Knowing when to plant a vegetable garden will tell you what to start with so you don’t get confused or have to make last-minute changes when planting starts.

There are certain vegetables that can be started early while there are those which need warm soil for sowing or planting. You should ensure that you take care of all these aspects before actually starting growing any vegetable from seeds or plants.

vegetable garden

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